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九年级英语Unit 6\教案

更新时间:2011/5/15 10:45:04 教案来源:本站原创 教案编写:佚名 【字体:

Unit 6  I like music that I can dance to.
一. 学习目标 (Language Goal)
1. Learn how to express preferences and causes.
学习表达自己对某人或某物的喜爱并解释理由。
2. Write a review of a book, a movie or a CD.
能对自己看过的书籍、电影,听过的CD等进行简单的评述。
 
二.. 重点词组 (Key phrases)
1.sing along with 伴随...歌唱           16. go on vacation  继续度假
2. dance to the music 随音乐起舞        17. on a hot day   在热天
3. different kinds of 不同种类的         18. feel  sick  感到恶心 
4. prefer... to... 比...更喜欢...            19. be honest 诚实
5. quiet and gentle songs 轻柔的歌曲     20. most of my friends 我的大多数朋友
6. think of 考虑到                     21.some of students (其中)一些学生
7. remind sb. of sth.  提醒某人某事      22.the name of ... ...的名字
8. one CD called Heart Strings            23.make sb. happy 使……快乐
一盘叫Heart Strings的CD            24.over the years 很多年
9. be important to sb. 对...重要           25. be lucky to do sth. 很幸运...
10. look for  寻找                     26.in the world 在世界上              
11. be sure to do sth. 肯定做某事         27.come and go 来来往往
12. be on display 展览                
13. see sb. do sth.  看见某人做了某事    
14. special events  特殊事件
15. have a great time 过得很愉快                             
 
三. [交际用语]
1. Rosa likes music that’s quiet and gentle.  Rosa喜欢轻柔的音乐。
2. --- What kind of music do you like?     你喜欢什么样的音乐?
---I like music that I can sing along with. 我喜欢能随之歌唱的音乐
3. --- What kind of singers do you love?    你喜欢什么样的歌星?
--- I love singers who write their own music.  我喜欢能自己作曲的歌星
4. ---Why do you like this CD? 为什么你喜欢这个CD?
---This music is great because you can dance to it.  
这个音乐很棒,因为你可以随着它跳舞。
 
四. [重点难点释义](Language Points)
1. prefer v. 更喜爱,更喜欢  choose sth. rather than sth. else; like sth. better.
(1)prefer + n.  e.g.
I prefer groups that play quiet and gentle songs.
我更喜欢演唱轻柔音乐的组合。
Jennifer prefers musicians who write their own lyrics.
(2) prefer sth. to sth.  比…更喜欢…e.g.
Which would you prefer, coffee or milk?
     咖啡和牛奶,你喜欢哪一个?
I prefer milk to coffee.  与咖啡相比,我更喜欢牛奶。
I prefer walking to cycling. 我喜欢步行,不喜欢骑自行车。
(3)prefer to do sth. 宁愿做某事    e.g.
She prefers to be alone at home. 她宁愿独自在家。

 2. dance to the music 伴随着音乐跳舞
    sing along with the music 和着音乐一起唱
 
 3. remind sb. of sb. / sth. 提醒,使…记起…  e.g.
   This music reminds me of my childhood.  这首曲子使我想起了我的童年。
 
 4. I listened to one (CD) called Heart Strings.  我听了一盘名叫心弦的专辑。
called Heart Strings 是过去分词短语做定语,修饰one CD.
e.g.  a book called Gone With the Wind  一本叫做《飘》的书
        a movie called Matrix 一部名叫《黑客帝国》的电影
        a used car 一部二手车
 
5. sth. is/are important to sb.  某事对某人很重要
e.g. That’s not really important to me. 那对我而言并不重要。
It is important for sb. to do sth. 做某事对某人来讲很重要
e.g. It is important for me to have a good sleep every night.
 
6. He’s made some great movies over the years.
这些年来,他已经拍摄了多部精彩的影片。
’s made = has made 为现在完成时态。
over the years  意思是“多年来”
 
7. It does have a few good features, though. 然而它的确有些优点。
does 在句子中表示强调,意思是“真的,的确”。如果省略,原句可写成 It has a few good features, though.
e.g. As you know, I do like that car very much.
如你所知,我真的喜欢那辆小汽车。
though
(1)adv. 副词,用于口语中,in spite of this; however; 意思是 ‘尽管如此,然而’,放在句尾。
(2)e.g. I expect you’re right--- I’ll ask him ,though.
我认为你说得对--- 我去问问他也好。
        She promised to phone. I heard nothing, though.
她答应要打电话来,但我没听到回信儿。
(3)conj. 连词,although; despite the fact that 意思是“虽然,尽管”,放在句首或句中, 不与but连用。
e.g. She won the first prize, though none of us had expected it.
她得了头奖,虽然这件事我们都没想到。
 
8. be sure to do sth. 肯定要做某事的;一定要做某事的
e.g. It is sure to rain. 肯定要下雨。
   You’re sure to fail if you do it that way. 如果你那么做肯定要失败的。
   Be sure to write and tell me all your news. 务必来信告诉我你的消息。
 
9. Over the years, we’ve seen musical groups with pretty strange names come and go.
多年来,我们看到许多拥有相当奇怪名字的音乐组合在乐坛上来来往往。
see sb do sth   看见某人做某事,do 前面省略不定式to.
see sb doing sth  看见某人正在做某事
pretty strange names  相当奇怪的名字  pretty,副词,意思是“相当,十分”
 
10. Few have stranger names than this band.
有几支(乐队)的名字比这只乐队更奇怪.
few 代词, 有一点儿 修饰可数名词, 相当于 few bands.
 
11. As the name suggests, the band has lots of energy.
正如乐队的名字所暗示的那样, 这支乐队非常具有活力.
 
12. There’s just so much to see and do here. 在这里有许多可看可做的事.
 
五.. 语法知识: (Grammar Focus)----- Attributive Clause (定语从句)
1. 请对比下面两个短语
a.  a lovely girl 一个可爱的女孩  在这个短语中,lovely是形容词做定语来修饰名词girl.
b.  a girl who likes purple 一个喜欢紫色的女孩  who likes purple 是一个句子来修饰名词girl,它的作用与lovely相同,都是做定语修饰名词girl,我们把它称为定语从句。
请注意,形容词做定语修饰名词,一般放在名词之前;而从句作定语修饰名词,则要放在名词之后。下面我们具体了解定语从句。
    
2. 在复合句中修饰名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句。被定语从句修饰的名词或代词叫做先行词。引导定语从句的词称为关系词,有关系代词和关系副词两类。在本单元中,我们只涉及到关系代词。
   例如: I like music that I can dance to. 我喜欢可以随之跳舞的音乐。
music是先行词,that I can dance to 是定语从句修饰 music ,其中,that 是关系代词引导定语从句。
又如I prefer singers who can write their own songs. 我喜爱能自己写歌的歌星。
singers 是先行词,who can write their own songs是定语从句修饰singers, 其中,who是关系代词。
 
3. 结构比较
(1)人(n.)+ who +从句
   比较:一位漂亮的女孩 a  beautiful girl    beautiful是形容词做定语
         a girl who is beautiful   从句做定语 (girl是先行词)
(2)物(n.)+ that + 从句
    比较:一本有趣的书 an interesting book    形容词做定语
  a book that is interesting 从句做定语 (book是先行词)
 
4. 关系代词who / that的作用:
a. 做代词, 代替先行词
b. 在从句中担任句子成分:主语或宾语
c. 做连词, 把主句和从句连接起来
     
5. 成分比较
who\that在从句中可担任: 1.主语   2. 宾语
(1)I love singers who write their own songs.
who在从句中用作主语。
(2)He is the man who I met yesterday.
who在从句中用作宾语。
(3)I like music that I can dance to.
that在从句中用作宾语。
(4)I prefer sandwich that is really delicious.
that在从句中用作主语。
 
6. who/that在定语从句中做主语时,谓语动词的单复数应与先行词保持一致.
e.g.  I prefer shoes that are cool.
I like sandwich that is really delicious.
I love singers who are beautiful.
I have a friend who plays sports.
     
7. 定语从句的关系词与其他从句的引导词的区别 
试比较: I like music that I can dance to.
The music is great because you can dance to it
that 与because 的区别:that是定语从句的关联词,代替music在从句中做dance to 的宾语。而because是原因状语从句的引导词,只起到连词的作用,在句中不做成分。在dance to 后面加it 指代music.

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