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新目标英语七年级下册重点短语集锦和练习

更新时间:2011/5/15 10:51:55 教案来源:本站原创 教案编写:佚名 【字体:

第1-2单元   

1. be/come from       来自          

2. a little / a bit of   一点(修饰不可数名词)                    

3. like doing sth/like to do sth 喜欢做某事(前者强调习惯,后者强调一次性)

4. write to sb          给某人写信      

5. tell sb about sth     告诉某人关于某事

6. on weekends        在周末        

7. go to the movies     去看电影

8. live in              居住在             

9. speak English        说英语

10. in October         在十月

(在日期和表示星期几的词前用on, 在日期或者星期几的上下午或者晚上用on,在某年、某月、某季节前用in,在某个时刻前用at)                 
11. post office         邮局           

12. pay phone         投币式公用电话

13. on Center Street    在中心街  

14. near here=in the neighborhood 在附近

15. across from        在……对面    

16. next to            在旁边

17. in front of         在……前面     

18. between…and…    在……和……之间

19. turn left/right      向左(右)转   

20. on the left/right     在左(右)边

21. take a walk

= have a walk

= go for a walk       散步

22. have fun = have a good time 玩得高兴 

23. take a taxi         乘出租车      

24. have a good trip     旅途愉快

25. go down/along      沿着……向前走 

26. go through         穿过

27. the way to          去……的路         

28. next Sunday        下个星期天

29. on your left/right    在你的左(右)边

30. welcome to         欢迎来到

31. the beginning of     在……的开始  

31. pen pal             笔友

32. the United States     美国          

32. the United Kingdom  英国

第3-4单元

1. let sb do sth          让某人做某事     

2. kind of              有几分

3. at night              在晚上                

4. South Africa          南非

5. play with             和……玩            

6. shop assistant         店员

7. bank clerk            银行职员            

8. TV/ police station      电视台/警察局

9. work with            和……工作  

10. work for            为……工作

11. work hard          努力工作(学习)

12. get…from…        从……得到……

13. give sb sth=give sth to sb把某物给某人

14. in the day           在白天              

15. talk to/with          和……谈话

16. ask sb questions      问某人问题      

17. go out to dinners     出去吃晚饭

18. in a hospital         在医院里          

 19.write stories         写故事

第5-8单元

1. talk on the phone      打电话       

2. wait for              等待

3. talk about        谈论关于……的事情

4. read the newspaper    看报

5.TV show             电视节目            

6. on vacation          在度假

7. take a photo=take photos 照相   

8. look at                看

9. have a good time       玩得高兴     

10. pretty good          相当不错

11. a little bit            一点儿            

12. look like             看起来像

13. medium height        中等个子      

14. medium build        中等身材 (体格)

15. stop doing sth         停止做某事

(注: stop to do sth停下来做另一件事)     

16. pop singer            流行歌手          

17. house of dumplings     饺子店

18. would like to do sth

= want to do sth        想要做某事   

19. green tea              绿茶                

20. remember doing sth   记得做过某事 注: remember to do sth   记得做某事

 第9-10单元

1. last weekend           上个周末          

2. go to the beach         去海滩

3. study for             为……而学习   

4. stay at home          呆在家里

5. have a party          举行晚会           

6. do some reading       读书

7. on Sunday morning     在星期天上午

8. go to the mountains    去山区;去爬山

9. sit down              坐下                 

10. watch sb do sth       看见某人做某事

11. look for              寻找                 

12. It’s time to…       该是……的时候了

12. what about ……     怎么样         

13. middle school       中学

14. go shopping         去购物            

15. talk show           脱口秀

16. practice doing sth    练习做某事    

17. go on vacation       去度假

18. summer camp       夏令营           

19. think of=think about   考虑;认为

20. be lost              迷路;丢失          

21. have fun doing sth    做某事有乐趣

22. in the corner        在角落         

23. find sb doing sth    发现某人在做某事

24. help sb (to) do sth    帮助某人做某事  

25. all day             整天

26. make sb do sth      使某人做某事

(类似结构: have/let sb do sth)

 27. decide to do sth    决定做某事   

24. the Great Wall      长城

25. the Palace Museum  故宫      

26. Tian’an Men Square  天安门广场

第11-12单元

1. soap opera           肥皂剧             

2. situation comedy      情景喜剧

3. agree with            赞同               

4. key ring             钥匙链

5. sports show          体育节目         

6. ask sb about sth       问某人某事

7. show sb sth          给某人看某物      

8. enjoy doing sth       喜欢做某事

9. How about …          …怎么样        

11. mind doing sth        介意做某事

12. school rules           学校规则        

13. in class               在课堂上

14. talk loudly            大声谈话         

15. listen to music         听音乐

16. have to               不得不              

17. in fact                实际上

18. sports shoes           运动鞋          

19. the Children’s Palace   少年宫

20. no talking            禁止谈话          

21. dining hall            食堂

22. on school nights       在上学的晚上 

23.in bed                睡觉,在床上

24. make dinner = cook dinner     做晚饭

25. after school           放学后

26. too many  可数名词    太多

too much 不可数名词     太多

27. arrive late for class

= be late for class         上课迟到

 

练习题:用适当的介词填入下列空格中。

1-2单元

1.    _____ Sundays we often stay ________ home.

2.    He is__________ Australia . He speaks English.

3.   Bob lives _______ Toronto , Canada .

4.  Monday is the beginning ________ a week.

5.  ______ the evening of May 1st, I visited my uncle.

6. There are many people ________ Chang’an Street every day.

7. Does your sister write ________ you every month?

8.  Please tell me ________ yourself.

9.  ________ weekends, I often play computer games.

10. Excuse me, could you tell me the way _______ Mianzhu Library?

11. There were many trees _____ the neighborhood one year ago.

第3-4单元

练习题:1-6单项选择题, 7-11根据所给汉语完成句子。

1.He  sleeps_____the day and works______ night.

A. in; in       B. on; at       C. in; at       D. during; in

2.Tony works ______ a magazine. He likes working_______ young people.

A. for; with     B. with; for    C. on; with    D. for; on 3. It is ________ animal. It is _______ scary.

A. a kind of; a kind of     B. a kind of; kind of    C. a kind of; kinds of

4. She _______ just now.

A. gives a book to me   B. gave me a book    C. gave me it

5. Let  him _______ you.   A. help       B. to help     C. helping       D. helps

6. Look! Mary is talking _______ her two good friends.  A. about    B. to       C. on     D. for

7.他们喜欢出去吃晚饭。They like___________  ___________  __________  _________.

8. 他在医院工作。  He works __________  ________   ____________.

9.  杰克学习很努力。    Jack _________  ___________.

10. 这只狮子来自南非。 This lion __________  __________  __________  ___________.

11.昨天我儿子从我这拿走了100美元。 My son _______100 dollars _________ me yesterday.

第5-8单元

练习题: 用所给词语的适当形式填空.

1. – Is that Peter speaking? –No, this is David. Peter________________ (read) the newspaper.

2. We _______(take) many ________(photo) when we went to the Great Wall.

3. When the teacher came into the classroom, the students __________ (stop)   ___________ (talk).The teacher said, “Boys and girls, _________ (stop)   ___________ (write) a letter to your parents.”

4. Jenny ___________ (look) like her aunt.

5. I’d like ___________ (buy) a pair of sunglasses.

6. I_____________ (wait) for a bus in the bus stop.

7. Mona ____________ (talk) on the phone now.

8. We __________ a good time in Chengdu one week ago.

9. Our geography teacher is medium _______________ ( high).

10. Jay is a pop ___________ (sing).

11. Listen! Lily and Lucy____________ (talk) about their PE teacher.

12. Please _________ (look) at the blackboard.

13. There are many TV __________ (show) in CCTV.

14. This morning I had breakfast at a house of _____________ (dumpling).

15. I’m so hungry now. I want ___________ (order) something to eat.

16. I remember __________ (tell) you about it.

17. Peter, remember _________ (take) a shower before you go to bed.

第9-10单元

练习题: 用所给词语的适当形式填空.

1. I often help parents ________ (do) some housework.

2. It’s time for the students ________ (read) English.

3. Last year I _______ (have) great fun __________ (play) in Guilin .

4. Old Henry watched his dog _________ (play) with a cat.

5. I _________ (find) a wallet __________ (lie) on the ground just now.

6. On Wednesday evening, we __________ (have) a party.

7. I _____________ (study) for the math test now.

8. Parents often _________ (make) me do homework.

9. I decide __________ (go) there with him.

10. Yesterday a little boy was ________ (lose) in the street.

11. I often practice __________ (speak) English with my father.

12. What about __________ (dance) ?

13. He ________ (sit) down and began to work.

14. He likes __________ (do) some ____________ (read).

15. They __________(go) to the mountains the day before yesterday.

16. She _______(think) about her life at college when he met his old friends.

第11-12单元

练习题:单项选择题

1. He is ill. He has to be _____for two days. A. in the bed   B. on the bed  C. in bed   D. on bed

2. He has ________ rules in his house.   A. too much     B. too many    C. much     D. a little

3. So____ homework really makes the students feel tired.

A. much    B. many       C. little     D. few

4. Do you mind__________ a moment?   A. wait      B. to wait    C. waiting     D. waited

5. – How about ________ soccer? – Good idea! A. playing    B. play      C. to play     D. plays

6. I don’t agree__________ what you said.   A. to         B. on       C. /           D. with

7. She enjoys __________ the piano.   A. play       B. playing    C. to play      D. plays

8. Could you show________ ? A. your watch me   B. me to your watch   C. your watch to me

9. You don’t __________ tell him about it.   A. has to       B. have to      C. had to     D. have

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