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一般现在时和一般过去时句型结构的异与同

更新时间:2011/5/15 10:54:02 教案来源:本站原创 教案编写:佚名 【字体:

一般现在时和一般过去时句型结构的异与同  

含有BE动词的句型

一般现在时表示某人某物现在的状态,性质等.eg:

 I am a teacher now.

She (He) is a singer.

 We

 They are happy.

 You

一般过去时表示过去时间内某人某物存在的状态,性质等.eg:

I was a teacher last year.

She(He) was  a  singer.

We

You were happy.

They  

Exe:1.She___ (be) our English teacher.

2.Tom and Nike ___ (be)my classmates.

3.I ___ (be)a student.

4.You ___ (be)a lovely girl.

5.They ___(be) my parents.

6.They  __________ (be)   farmers    two  years  ago.

7.Mike __________ (be)  a  baby  long   long  ago.  

8.We __________ (be)  at  home last night.  

含有BE动词的句型结构

一般现在时:  

肯定式:主语+BE+表语.  

否定式: 主语+BE(am is are)+NOT+表语.

疑问式:  BE(Am Is Are)+主语+表语?  

一般过去时:

肯定式:主语+BE+表语.  

否定式:主语+BE(was were)+NOT+表语.  

疑问式:BE(Was Were)+主语+表语?  

不含BE动词的句型
(主语是第一,二人称及第三人称复数)

一般现在时用来表示习惯性,经常性发生的动作.eg:

I go to work by bus everyday.

you watch TV everynight.

we play basketball on the weekends.

They have lessons everymoring.

主语+动词原形+其他.  

一般过去时用来表示在过去的时间里发生的动作.eg:

I went to work by bus yesterday.

you watched TV last  night.

We played basketball last weekend.

They had  lessons two days ago.

主语+动词过去式+其他.

主语是第三人称单数
(肯定句)

He goes to work by bus everyday.

She watchesTV everynight.

李明 plays basketball on the weekends.

It snows in every winter.

 主语+动词单三+其他.

He went to work by bus yesterday.

She watched TV last night.

李明 played basketball three days ago.

It snowed in last winter.

主语+动词过去式+其他.  

主语是第一,二人称及第三人称复数
(否定句)

I do not go to work by bus everyday.

you do not watch TV everynight.

we do not play basketball on the weekends.

They do not have lessons everymoring.

主语+do+not+动词原形+其他

I did not go to work by bus yesterday.

you did not watch TV last  night.

We did not play basketball last weekend.

They did not have  lessons two days ago.

主语+did+not+动词原形+其他  

主语是第三人称单数
(否定句)

He does not go to work by bus   everyday.

She does not watch TV everynight.

李明 does not play basketball on the weekends.

It does not snow in every winter.

主语+does+not+动词原形    +其他

He does not go to work by bus   everyday.

She does not watch TV everynight.

李明 does not play basketball on the weekends.

It does not snow in every winter.

主语+does+not+动词原形  +其他

Exe:
1.  We often___________(play) in the playgound.  

2. He _________(get) up at six o’clock.  

3. __________you _________(brush) your teeth every morning.  

4. What____  (do) he usually ____  (do) after school?  

5. Danny  ____ (study) English,Chinese,Maths,Science and Art at school.

6. I _________ (have) an exciting party last weekend.  

7. What ________ Tom ________ (do) on Saturday evening?      

He ________(watch) TV and  __________(read) an interesting  book.  

8. They all _________(go) to the mountains yesterday morning.  

9. She _________(not visit) her aunt last weekend.   

She ________ (stay) at home and _________(do) some cleaning.  

10.When ________ you _________(write) this song?  

I __________(write) it last year.  

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